List Of Heavy Equipment Manufacturers In Usa – We have compiled a list of the most popular types of construction machinery. Construction projects typically rely on several types of heavy equipment to get the job done in a timely, safe, and cost-effective manner. Depending on the size and scope of your construction project, you will likely need to use at least one of these heavy construction equipment.
From excavators and dump trucks to concrete pumps and compactors, we’ve covered the most common types of heavy construction equipment. Click on the link to go to the type of equipment you want more information about.
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Excavators (hydraulic) are heavy construction equipment consisting of a boom, dipper or stick, bucket and cab on a rotating platform known as a “house”. The house is located on a chassis with tracks or wheels. They are a natural progression from steam shovels and are often mistakenly called power shovels.
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All movements and functions of a hydraulic excavator are achieved by hydraulic fluid, hydraulic cylinders and hydraulic motors. Due to the linear operation of hydraulic cylinders, their operating mode is fundamentally different from rope excavators, which use winches and steel cables for movement.
Excavators are also called excavators, mechanical shovels or 360-degree excavators. sometimes simply abbreviated to “360”. Crawler excavators are sometimes referred to as “crawlers” by analogy with an excavator.
A loader is a heavy equipment machine used in construction to move materials such as asphalt, demolition debris, dirt, snow, feed, gravel, logs, raw minerals, recycled material, rock, sand, wood chips, etc. other types of machinery such as a tipper, conveyor belt, feed hopper or rail car.
There are several types of loaders, called by different names depending on the design and application, including:
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A paver, also known as paver, asphalt finisher, paver, is a construction equipment used to lay asphalt on roads, bridges, parking lots and other such places. It lays the asphalt flat and compacts it before it is roller compacted.
The asphalt paver was developed by Barber Greene Co., originally a manufacturer of material handling systems. In 1929, the Chicago Testing Laboratory approached them about using their material loaders to build asphalt roads.
Major highways are often paved with concrete, and this is done with slipform pavers. Trucks dump ready-mixed concrete in piles in front of this machine, and then the skid form spreader spreads the concrete and levels it using a screed.
A backhoe (also called a backhoe or backhoe) is a type of digging equipment, or backhoe, that consists of a digging bucket on the end of a two-piece articulated arm. It is usually mounted on the back of a tractor or front loader, the latter forming a “backhoe loader”.
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The part of the shoulder closest to the vehicle is known as the boom, while the part that carries the bucket is called the jug or water pole, both terms derived from steam shovels. The boom is usually attached to the vehicle via a pivoting tent known as a shoe post, which allows the arm to turn left and right, usually a total of 180-200 degrees.
Bulldozers are usually large and powerful heavy equipment with tracks. Tracks give them excellent ground holding and mobility on very rough terrain. Wide tracks help distribute the bulldozer’s weight over a large area (reduces pressure on the ground), thereby preventing it from sinking into sandy or muddy soil. Extra wide tracks are known as straight tracks or LGP (low ground pressure) tracks.
Bulldozers have transmission systems designed to take advantage of the track system and provide excellent traction. Due to these characteristics, bulldozers are often used
Another type of bulldozer is the wheel bulldozer, which generally has four wheels driven by a 4-wheel drive system and has a hydraulic articulated steering system. The blade is mounted forward of the articulated joint and is hydraulically operated.
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A bulldozer blade is a heavy metal plate on the front of a tractor that is used to push objects and push sand, dirt, debris, and sometimes snow. Bulldozer blades are usually of three types:
Blades can be installed directly over the frame or at an angle, sometimes using additional tilt cylinders to change the angle during movement. The lower edge of the blade can be sharpened, e.g. for cutting stumps.
A ripper is a long nail-like device on the back of a bulldozer. Rippers can be single stem/giant rippers or in groups of two or more multi stem rippers.
A single stem is usually preferred for heavy tearing. The shank of the ripper is equipped with a replaceable tungsten steel alloy tip called a “boot”. Rock ripping breaks ground rock or pavement into small pieces that are easy to handle and transport, which can then be removed to allow grading to take place.
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With agricultural ripping, a farmer breaks up rocky or very hard soil, such as podzol hardpan, that is otherwise unploughable, in order to cultivate it.
The word “bulldozer” is sometimes used inaccurately to refer to other similar construction vehicles, such as a large front-end loader.
A dump truck, also known as a tipper or dump truck, is used to move landfills such as sand, gravel or demolition waste for construction. A typical dump truck is equipped with an open box bed that is hinged at the back and equipped with hydraulic cylinders that lift forward, allowing the truck to be deposited (“dumped”) on the ground behind it. place of delivery
There are many types of dump trucks for almost any application you can think of. Below is a breakdown of different types of tippers.
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A standard tipper is a truck chassis with a tipper attached to the frame. The bed is raised by a vertical hydraulic cylinder mounted under the front of the body or a horizontal hydraulic cylinder and lever arrangement between the frame rails, and the rear of the bed is hinged at the rear of the truck.
The tailgate can be configured to swing up on the upper hinges (and sometimes fold down on the lower hinges) or it can be configured in a “High Lift Tailgate” format where pneumatic cylinders lift the gate open and lift it above the bin.
A semi-trailer is a combination of a tractor and a trailer, where the trailer itself contains a hydraulic lift. In the US, a typical semi dump truck has a 3-axle tractor pulling a 2-axle trailer with dual tires.
The main advantage of a half-end dump is the large load capacity. The main disadvantage is that they are very unstable when lifted into a tilting position, which limits their use in many applications where the tipping point is uneven or out of plane.
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A transfer dumper is a standard dumper with a mobile cargo container that tows a separate trailer and can also load construction rubble, gravel, sand, asphalt, clinkers, snow, wood chips, triple mix, etc.
The second container of trailer aggregate (the “B” box) is powered by an electric motor, pneumatic motor, or hydraulic line. It rolls on small wheels, traveling on rails from the trailer frame to the empty main trash container (the “A” box). This maximizes payload without sacrificing the maneuverability of a conventional dump truck. Transfer dump trucks are commonly seen in the western US due to the peculiar weight restrictions on the roads there.
The truck and son are very similar to the transmission dump. It consists of a standard dump truck pulling a dump trailer. A puppy trailer, unlike a transmission, has its own hydraulic cylinder and is capable of self-unloading.
The Super Dumper is a straight tipper equipped with a trailing axle, a lifting capacity axle that can weigh up to 13,000 lbs. Tracking 11 to 13 feet from the rear tandem, the trailing axle stretches the outer “bridge” dimension, the distance between the first and last axle, to the maximum allowable overall length.
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It increases the gross vehicle weight allowed under the federal bridge formula, which sets truck size and weight standards. Depending on vehicle length and axle configuration, Superdumps can weigh up to 80,000 pounds. GVW and carry a payload of 26 short tons or more.
When the truck is empty or ready to be unloaded, the rear axle disengages from the road using two hydraulic levers to release the rear of the vehicle.
A semi-bottom dumper or belly dumper is a 3-axle tractor that pulls a 2-axle trailer with a flap-type dumper at the bottom of the trailer.
The main advantage of a semi-bottom dump is its ability to place material in a flat, linear pile. In addition, the semi-bed dump truck is maneuverable in reverse, unlike the double and triple trailer configurations described below.
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These trailers can be found either in the honor type shown in the photo, or perhaps crossover trailers where the gate opens front to back instead of left and right. A cross spread type gate actually distributes the grain fairly and evenly across the width of the trailer.
For comparison, a windrow type gate
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